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Improved Monodispersity of Core/Shell Nanoparticles via Centrifugal Processing

Details

Project TitleImproved Monodispersity of Core/Shell Nanoparticles via Centrifugal Processing
Track Code2010-184
Short Description

Development of an aqueous surfactant-free centrifugal sorting method for plasmonic nanoantennas.

#energy #solar #nanotechnology #nanoparticles

Abstract

Northwestern researchers have developed an aqueous surfactant-free centrifugal sorting method for plasmonic nanoantennas. Relatively massive gold/silica nanoparticle clusters yields populations of predominantly one aggregation state and an enhanced ensemble surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) response. The microantennas are sorted by sedimentation coefficient via transient density gradient centrifugation and produces samples with a preponderance of a selected aggregation state. The silica shell not only allows the nanoparticles to be dispersed in water without further functionalization or surfactants but also protects the SERS reporter molecules at the gold/silica interface. This new technology improves control over nanparaticle cluster sizes and reliability and reproducibility in plasmonic applications such as SERS-based sensors. This sorting approach can be applied to a wide variety of core/shell nanoparticle structures in general to achieve more monodisperse samples for relatively large nanoparticles.

 
TagsENERGY: solar, nanotechnology: nanoparticles
 
Posted DateJan 31, 2012 4:15 PM

Inventor(s)

Anne-Isabelle Henry
Mark Hersam*
Timothy Tyler

Richard Van Duyne*

Applications

  • Nanoparticles
    • Drug Delivery
    • Industrial Coatings
    • Battery Anodes
    • Solar Cells
  • Core/Shell Nanoparticles
    • Optical sensing
    • MRI
    • Fluorescence imaging
    • Pigments
    • Catalysis
  • Plasmonic nanoantennas-- Security industry

Advantages

  • Higher detection signals
  • Improved reliability and reproducibility between samples
  • Improved population control over particles too massive for current centrifugal sorting techniques

Publications

IP Status

A patent application has been filed.

Marketing Contact

Vara Josyula, PhD
Invention Manager
(p) 847-491-4456
(e) vara.josyula@northwestern.edu